These are the most basic figures in ábaco, including basic steps in open and closed position from rueda, and basic figures for partner change. See video and explanation of the figures below.
tarro, dos tarros
dile que no
dame una arriba
Echeverria con vuelta
enchufla con mambo
fly, linea, rolin,
los tres, sho’boun’
paseala por arriba
pelota uno, dos, tres
.. con la hermana
More videos coming up:
dile que si
enchufla con palma y pata’
festival de pelota
enchufla con palma y pata’ (rueda figure)
|vamos arriba||Diagonal steps. This is a basic step, so after a regular figure (like exhibela) is called, you return to these steps.|
|Tarro = Quarter turn left (on 7).|
Dos tarros = Half turn left (on 7), or two quarter turns.
|Americana in ábaco follow the ladies’ steps from the rueda figure americana. |
Americano follow the men’s steps from the rueda figure americano, but starting the turning early (on beat 7),
slightly before the rueda figure starts. So be aware if the caller is in the rueda, you might have to act fast.
|dile que no||This step is called “a lo cubano”. It is essentially the step from guapea (basic step open position), but with more movement. Note the longer step on beat 2.|
|dame una||Dile que no + quarter turn left (on 7).|
The rueda figure dame una contains a partner change + dile que no.
The ábaco figure dame una uses the opposite order, dile que no (= a lo cubano steps) + partner change (= rotation).
|dame dos||Dile que no + two quarter turns left (on 7). The two quarter turns at done at the same time, |
so it is in fact a half turn. (In dame tres you do three quarter turns left, all in one move.)
|dame una arriba||This figure is similar to dame una in ábaco, but the rotation here is to the right. It feels like almost no rotation, because your body is already slightly turned right on 1-2-3.|
Note that the right rotation also apply on commands adding arriba direction to the call, like enchufla y arriba.
|paseala||Paseala is usually called in a partner change, or combined with another figure.|
The ábaco figure paseala is a side-and-cross step followed by dile que no.
There is no rotation after the dile que no, but the figure is usually called after a figure with a partner change, like dame una.
|paseala por arriba||This is a regular paseala with the diagonal arm raised. It is often called after a regular paseala, like this: paseala > por arriba.|
For men the inspiration is from rumba, using the opposite arm to pull the pants (pantalones) a bit.
For the women it is similar but a more feminine touch, holding the lower arm to the side of the body.
Paseala por arriba may also be combined with paseala caminando, as shown in the video of paseala caminando.
|paseala caminando||In paseala caminando you continue the paseala (the side steps part) until there is a new call, usually dame una. |
In ábaco it is the same as calling paseala > siguelo. But paseala caminando is more common to called in rueda.
Paseala caminando may also be combined with paseala por arriba, as shown in the video.
|dame directo||Take a long step forward on 2, and do 3 jumps back on 5-6-7.|
The rueda figure is a slight exception, including a partner change but no dile que no.
The ábaco figure is also an exception, with no rotation, even though the rueda figure includes a partner change.
During the jumps, ladies use arms from mambo, and men use arms from columbia (rumba).
|dile que si|
|Echeverria||Ladies step from Echeverria in rueda.|
|Echeverria con vuelta||Ladies step from Echeverria con vuelta in rueda.|
|enchufla||Ladies enchufla steps + dame una.|
|enchufla doble||Ladies enchufla steps twice + dame una.|
|enchufla con mambo||Add mambo steps between the enchufla step and dame una.|
Tap with right foot on 1 in the mambo steps, like the ladies do in rueda.
|enchufla con palma y pata’||This is one of several variations of enchufla where you add a sequence of something bewteen the enchufla steps and the dame una part. |
“palma y patada” means “clap and kick”. In this figure the clap and the kick are done simultaneously on 4 and 7.
So the sequence is step – step – step – kick/clap – step – step kick/clap – step.
The steps are the same as the women’s part in the rueda figure enchufla con palma y pata’.
|pelota uno, dos, tres||In rueda, pelota uno is an enchufla with a clap on 7. Pelota dos is enchufla with two claps (on 7-8), and pelota tres with three claps (7-8-1). |
In ábaco it is similar, but the last clap is always a ¡bulla! (a shout) with the arms lifted up. So in pelota uno in ábaco there is no clap, it is enchufla with ¡bulla! on 7. In pelota dos there is one clap (on 7) and one ¡bulla! (8), and in pelota tres there are two claps (on 7-8) and one ¡bulla! (on 1).
|festival de pelota||This ábaco figure is based on the same idea as in rueda, it is the sequence pelota uno, pelota dos, pelota tres.|
|fly||Baseball term. The figure is a clap on 1, in ábaco and rueda. In ábaco the orientation is forward.|
|linea||Baseball term. The figure is a clap on 1, in ábaco and rueda. In ábaco the orientation is forward.|
|rolin||Baseball term. The figure is a clap on 1, in ábaco and rueda. In ábaco the orientation is forward.|
|sho’boun’||Cuban slang for “short bounce”. Baseball term. The figure is also called German Meas, after a famous Cuban baseball player. In this figure you clap on 1 under the leg you are not putting your weight on.|
|los tres||This figure is also called festival de fly, and it means “the three”, refering to fly, linea, rolin. You do the claps on 1, 2 and 3.|
|la prima||This ábaco figure uses the move meneo, which is rolling of the hips. The figure finishes with dame una like the rueda figure la prima.|
|prima con la hermana||Like in rueda, this figure starts with la prima without partner change. Then it goes directly into enchufla with a partner change at the end.|
|la familia||Like in rueda, this figure starts with prima con la hermana without partner change. Then it goes directly into another meneo while turning (counter clockwise). |
There are several way to use arms in this move, feel free to choose.